The Use of Benzodiazepines in Prison Populations.
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1978; 39: 219-222.
" Experiences at the Utah State Prison with the use of psychotropic
medication... indicated that the indiscriminate use of benzodiazepines
could lead to more detriment than benefit." [p. 220]
" During 1974 when several tranquillizers and pain killers were being
used relatively indiscriminately... the incidence of riots, stabbings,
cuttings, murders and attempted suicides and self-mutilations were
extremely high. 22 cases of sputum injections, deliberate
self-mutilations, were reported during that period.
there were two major riots and five minor riots, one murder, two
suicides, 44 self mutilations, 6 stabbings of other individuals,
8 attacks on guards, and innumerable verbal assaults on guards
and other inmates. [p. 221]
" Several prisoners had acute withdrawal symptoms and some who were
addicted to Valium and other benzodiazepines had a prolonged
withdrawal effect, much longer than even the heroin and methadone
addicts. " [p. 221]
[Key words; Valium, diazepam, addiction, dependence, abuse,
withdrawal, depression, suicide, aggression, hostility]